What Is Student Engagement And How To Ensure It Occurs?

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The process of student engagement is that in which the student is motivated highly to make a conscious effort to learn and in which the learning outcomes are extremely positive. The student in this case is not simply concerned with the signs of the outcomes as in the grades and results but the learning is further extended to ensure that the students have understood  the learning materials and is able to implement it in practical circumstances. This internalization of the learning is brought about by the student as the student is deeply engaged in the learning. The student engagement therefore is a direct result of the efforts and endeavors that teacher or Teacher in-service have undertaken to educate the student and make sure that the learning has taken place.

 The policies drawn out for student engagement also deals not only with academics but encompasses additional aspects associated with the students life, which include previous, school facilities for the successful imparting of education and other measures to inculcate the sense of discipline in the student. Therefore engaging the student is not only academic in nature but it provides the student with holistic development of character and personality. Therefore, student engagement is the optimized learning outcome from the efforts of the student, the teachers and the institution and all these three entities combine to ensure that learning has taken place and that the student has been well engaged in the learning to result in the overall development of the student, enrich the experience of the teacher and the growth of the institution in terms of its reputation.

For an overall student engagement to take place three-dimension engagement process needs to occur and they are the intellectual student engagement, the behavioral student engagement and the emotional student engagement. But in all these three dimensions there is a possibility for both the positive and the negative engagement to take place and it is in this respect that  teachers have a huge role to play as also the institution. The teachers need to play a highly proactive role in developing and steering the students towards positive engagement and non-engagement of the negative aspects. The institution can play the role of motivating teachers   in their endeavors in this respect and teacher training programs can stress on this ideology during the convocation program for teachers.

The roles of the student, the teacher, and the institution combine to bring to affect the process of student engagement. The role of the institution is to provide complete facilities that result in the desired outcome. The role of the teacher is of prime importance in ensuring successful student engagement. The book No Teacher Left Behind Keeping up With and Captivating “Generation Next” in the Classroom by Bryan Fiese, elaborates on the need for programs that ensure teachers are provided with the opportunity to work and dedicate their services to the enriching of such programs like student engagement.  Apart from clarity in the teaching process, the teacher is also required to provide feedback that is not only constructive for the student but also motivates the student to improve and identify the areas for improvement.

Therefore, it is the duty of the adults that the student interacts with that brings about the holistic student engagement which results in a highly skilled and extremely talented manpower resource to the society for its betterment.